Publication date: 2022
Abstract: The aim of this study was to search for associations of genotypes and alleles of polymorphic loci of the PTEN/PI3K/AKT pathway genes rs2494750 of AKT1, rs2735343, rs2299941, rs10490920 of PTEN, rs17878362 of TP53, and rs2699887 of PIK3CA with the risk of prostate cancer development. As a result of comparison allele and genotype frequencies between the general sample of prostate cancer patients and the control group of healthy individuals, it was found that the CG genotype of the polymorphic locus rs2735343 of PTEN is associated with an increased risk of developing the disease (OR = 1.38, 95%CI = 1.02–1.87, p = 0.04), whereas the GG genotype showed a decrease in the frequency of occurrence in the group of patients compared with the control (OR = 0.74, 95%CI = 0.55–0.99, p = 0.05). When stratifying the group of patients with prostate cancer, depending on histopathological characteristics, it was revealed that the rs2735343*C allele is associated with an increased risk of bilateral lesions of both prostate lobes and invasion of seminal vesicles. With allowance for further validating studies, the results of this work can be used to create a panel of molecular markers for disease prognosis and assessment of tumor characteristics. © 2022, Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Издатель: Pleiades journals